Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a practical and effective approach to improving mental well-being. In this article, we will explore what CBT is and if it might be right for you or those you care about.

Before CBT, it was common for therapists to exclusively use psychoanalysis, a set of therapeutic techniques developed by Sigmund Freud, an influential neurologist and therapist.

A teen girl sits in a therapists office, hugging another woman.

This method commonly entailed deep explorations of an individual’s unconscious mind, dreams, and early childhood development. While it could be effective, it would often take months or years to address an individual’s problems. 

Luckily, psychologist Albert Ellis and other therapists pioneered CBT in the 1950s. Unlike traditional psychoanalysis, Ellis found it could resolve some clients’ issues in just a few sessions. This was because it used a more practical approach, using evidence-based techniques that targeted clients’ specific problems. 

CBT is now one of those most common and effective treatments for a variety of mental health issues, including those listed below:

  • Depression 
  • Anxiety disorders
  • Alcohol and drug use problems
  • Marital problems 
  • Eating disorders
  • PTSD

What is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy?

A therapist is sitting with two clients, one of them filling out a form.

CBT takes place by talking with a therapist, usually alone in a safe, quiet, and comfortable place. Together, the client and therapist will explore the connection between the client’s thoughts, emotions, and behaviours.

Each session, the client and therapist try to identify the thoughts and behaviours that are troubling the client. Together, they come up with strategies to change or mitigate the patterns and behaviors that are contributing to the clients’ mental health challenges.

It’s common for therapists to recommend clients practice what they learn in real life. This can include coping strategies, cognitive restructuring (recognizing and challenging irrational thoughts), and confronting fears. 

Regardless of age, CBT can be a beneficial tool. It can also be used as a preventive measure to build resilience and develop effective coping skills for a client’s future challenges.

Research and studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of CBT for depression, anxiety, PTSD, eating disorders, and more. One study even found that CBT can be just as effective for treating depression as antidepressants (though it’s also common to use a combination of talk therapy and drug therapy to treat depression). 

CBT often yields positive results in a relatively short period. It can also empower individuals by arming them with lasting coping strategies, allowing them to manage future challenges independently.

Finding a CBT Therapist:

A therapist sits in his chair listening to a patient.

To begin your CBT journey, finding a qualified therapist is crucial. You can use resources like Google reviews, peer recommendations, and therapist databases. These can help you find a therapist who is a good match for your needs and also check their credentials and experience. Personal fit is also essential, as a good therapeutic relationship promotes effective collaboration. 



Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) can provide you with practical tools for improving your mental well-being. By addressing the connection between thoughts, emotions, and behaviors, CBT empowers individuals to make positive changes in their lives. Whether you or somebody you know is dealing with anxiety, depression, or seeking personal growth, CBT can be an effective approach.

Understanding what CBT entails allows you to make an informed decision about pursuing therapy and taking an active role in your mental health journey.

Here at The Couch Counselling, many of our therapists specialize in CBT. You can get treatment remotely or in-person at our Brantford, Ontario offices. Take a look at their bios and schedule a consultation today.